How to cite dissertation?

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When writing a dissertation, it is always important to remember about how to cite dissertation. Citation is a literal excerpt from any text, provided with a link to a source published earlier. Citation is one way to tell readers that some material from your work has come from another source. Therefore, everyone has to know how to cite dissertation.

Citing provides readers with the information necessary to re-search the source:

  • information about the author;
  • document title;
  • date of publication;
  • number of pages of material;
  • and etc.

WHEN is necessary to cite a source?

Every time when you take other people’s ideas or words, you need to show their source.

The following situations almost always require quoting:

  • when you use quotes;
  • when rephrasing ideas;
  • in the case of using the idea already expressed earlier;
  • when you mention someone else’s work;
  • when any work had a significant impact on the formation of your own ideas.


  • use a piece of material, not the entire material;
  • clearly (by quotes) select the beginning and end of the quoted fragment;
  • specify the name of the author or authors (as fully as possible);
  • specify the exact name of the work;
  • if an electronic document is used, indicate the exact link to the original web page (and not to the home page of the site from which the material was taken).

By roles quotes can be divided into:

  • quotations with the subsequent author’s interpretation;
  • quotations cited as confirmation or addition of the author’s own reasoning.

Citation may be:

  • direct, when the text is reproduced verbatim and the specific page of the source is indicated;
  • indirect, when the author’s thought is not given verbatim. In this case, put before the link to the document.

General rules significant to know how to cite dissertation:

  • Quotes must exactly match the text of the original source.
  • The quote is in quotes.
  • If it is necessary to omit a number of words in the quoted sentence, the place of omission is indicated by ellipsis, and when omitting whole sentences, the ellipsis enclosed in angle brackets is used.
  • All personal additions and explanations are separated from the test quotes by straight or angled brackets.
  • For each quote, a footnote is made out containing the exact name of the source, its author, and preferably the page on which the text of the quote is located in the original source.